The Southern Uplands is a range of hills that runs for approximately 120 miles across the Scottish mainland, from Corsewall Point
to St Abb's Head
. The area is interspersed with broad valleys but is the least populated of the the major Scottish geographic areas. The northern boundary of the Southern Uplands is marked by the geological feature, the Southern Upland Fault. Although the Highland
regions were shaped by glacial activity during the Ice Age much of the Southern Uplands remained free of ice and much of the shaping the landscape was done by water and frost rather than huge ice sheets. The Southern Uplands and Pennines
of England both cover around the same sized area and are also similar in height. Although the summits are not as high as many in the Scottish Highlands, the Southern Uplands is a mountainous region and contains about 120 Marilyns. The valleys of the Southern Uplands feature deep, loamy, alluvial soils which lend themselves to arable cropping. After the 1950s man-made forests have expanded rapidly and are now a major feature of the region. Permanent pastures on valley slopes support many stock-rearing farms while the upper steeper-sided slopes are dominated by a variety of semi-natural plant communities, mainly heather woodlands. These are used mainly for rough grazing.
More British Natural features?
Other Dumfries and Galloway Naturals
Grey Mare’s Tail
Rhins of Galloway